The Rules of Ramadan

“The rules of Ramadan is a booklet written by Mufti Muhammad Shafi ‘Uthmani (rahimahullah) the first Grand Mufti of Pakistan. I translated and published it in 2004. It is a brief but comprehensive article on the basics of Fasting. One can easily read through it in a single sitting.” – Mawlana Muhammad Abbasomar

Download ebook here

Taken from here

A Simple Format for ‘Ibadah on Auspicious nights

Our Beloved Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) has mentioned:

“Indeed your Rabb has reserved certain special moments in time (in which He emits abundant/special mercy). Be sure to avail yourselves for these opportunities.”

(Majma’uz Zawaid)

We are usually aware of the significant occasions that present themselves each year. The crucial thing is how do we “avail ourselves” and maximise our benefit from these blessed nights?

Here under is a suggested format for “What to do on Blessed nights?”

1. Offer ‘Isha and Fajr Salah in congregation.

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“One who performs ‘Isha in congregation gets the reward of spending half the night in worship. And he who follows that up with the Fajr salah in congregation, will be as if he has stayed up all night in ‘ibadah.”

(Sahih Muslim and Sunan Abi Dawud)

2. Sleep in the state of wudu

Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has mentioned a reliable narration that states: “The soul of one who sleeps with wudu makes sajdah (prostrates) at the ‘Arsh of Allah.”

(Fathul Bari)

Imagine our souls making sajdah at the throne of our Creator on a night like Laylatul Qadr!

3. Abstain from sin

It’s not logical to fill the bucket when it has a hole…

One should specifically free the heart of any ill-feelings or malice towards fellow Muslims. (See here for “how to clean the heart” of such ailments)

4. Clear your heart from ill-feelings towards fellow Muslims.

The ‘Ulama state that those who harbour ill-feelings are deprived of Allah’s mercy and forgiveness on occasions like these.

A Hadith in Sahih Ibn Hibban, mentions of four people that will be deprived on auspicious nights:

a) An Alcoholic.
b) One who disobeys his parents.
c) One who severe family ties
d) One who harbours ill-feelings in his heart for others.

5. Salatut Tasbih

This is very strongly recommended due to its huge reward. See here for a detailed article on it’s authenticity, and here for the format of Salatut Tasbih.

6. Tawbah

Since the purpose of the turning to Allah on these nights is precisely to attain forgiveness from Allah, this act is a fundamental on such occasions.

The procedure for Tawbah is:

a. Perform two rak’ats of Salah. (Optional)
b. Stop the sin that one is repenting from.
c. Regret the sin from the bottom of your heart.
d. Make a determined pledge with Allah never to repeat that sin. Besides the two rakats of Salah, the remainder are all fundamental.

Furthermore, if the sin involved usurping the right of the next person, one needs to ask him/her for forgiveness too. Without this we are not guaranteed forgiveness.

If that person has passed away, we could make du’a for him and repay the debt (if any) to his heirs.

7. Dhikr

There are many forms of dhikrullah. I would suggest the following:

A hundred times: “La ilah illallah”
A hundred times repeating the name of “Allah”
And a hundred times: “Subhanallahi wabihamdihi subhanallahil ‘Azim”

The reason for the third one is the following:

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

1. “He who recites this one hundred times will have all his sins forgiven even if it be equal to the foam of the ocean” (Sahih Bukhari)

2. “These words are beloved to Allah Ta’ala, easy on the tongue and weighty on the scales (of deeds on Qiyamah)” (Sahih Bukhari)

Furthermore, this is the form of dhikr that the entire creation is engaged in. (Surah: 17 ayah: 44)

8. Salawat on Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam)

If it was not for our beloved Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) we would not have these Blessed occasions. Therefore we cannot afford moments like these to pass without remembering him. In Fact by doing so we ourselves benefit.

One Hadith states:

“He who sends salutations upon me once, Allah Ta’ala sends ten salutations upon him.”

9. Tilawat (Recital) of Quran

This is considered the best form of Dhikr. One could recite even a quarter juz or just the masnun Surahs that are to be recited every night. Like Surahs Waqi’ah, Mulk, Sajdah, Yasin etc.

10. Du’a

“Du’a is the essence of Worship” and hence cannot be omitted when we engage in worship.
More so on occasions when Almighty Allah accepts du’as such as on the night of Qadr. One should spend a lengthy duration in begging from Allah, as we are all in need of it.

In light of the current world crisis, do remember our oppressed brethren around the globe.

On the night of Qadr the following du’a should also be repeated as taught by Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihiwasallam) to his beloved wife Sayyidah ‘Aishah (radiyallahu ‘anha):

اللهم إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ العَفْوُ فَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ

“Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘Anni”
O Allah! You are indeed Most Forgiving, so forgive me.

Note 1: The above can all be achieved in about 1 hour.

Salatut Tasbih: 20 mins
Tawbah: can be incorporated in the du’a
Zikr: 10 mins
Salawat: 5 mins
Tilawat: 15 mins
Du’a and Tawbah: 10 mins

However if one is short on time for whatever reason, my suggestion would be to at least do the first four and the last one. That would be:

a) ‘Isha and Fajr with Jamat
b) Sleep with wudu
c) Abstain from sin
d) Clean the heart
e) Du’a

Note 2: The night commences at Maghrib, not after ‘Isha or after Tarawih or at Sehri time. Therefore one can and should commence ‘ibadah from Maghrib, although it is indeed best to do so at the last part of the night.

Note 3: These are mere suggestions intended to make it easy for people. One may engage in whatever form of ‘ibadah one is comfortable with.

May Allah Ta’ala grant us all complete forgiveness and steadfastness on guidance. Amin.

Please do remember the writer in your supplication as well.

Download the e-book of the above, here

Written by: Mawlana Muhammad Abbasomar

Article taken from here

Query on 3 Divorces


Dear Mufti Sahib

Please can you give me a Fatwa on what the ruling is regarding the below incident

Has 3 Talaq happened or not. If it has what must the husband and wife do now.


All praise be to Allah

The night before I left me, and my wife had an argument about a jacket I bought we fell asleep. 6:15am I woke up for work my wife kept telling me to which I replied let me pray people wake up thanking Allah for life you wake up cursing me, after constant abuse after I told my wife today was an important day for me at work I snapped and started packing my bags I cried like a baby to which my brother in law came to console me I said I can’t take the pain of constant abuse and beatings I ordered a taxi and can’t remember a lot of what was said as I was not in a mental state and was very emotional as I love my wife but there is only so much abuse I can take I swore to her and I can’t forgive myself but I was not sane at the time I said I would divorce her but never meant it at the time I just wanted to escape. Before leaving I said TA-LAK 3 times but had no control over my mind as I kept standing on stairs her brother would say stuff, but my memory is very bad as I can’t remember stuff. I went home in a taxi 11.10.22 I haven’t slept since the day I have mental health issues.


(Question published as received)


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the most Merciful.

According to the details provided, we understand that the husband recalls issuing three divorces to his wife. The fact that he remembers this proves that his mental state had not deteriorated to the level where he was completely out of his senses.

In light of this, three divorces have taken place and the marriage has terminated. The wife must complete her ‘Iddah. She may not remarry her former husband.

If after the ‘Iddah the wife marries someone else, and after consummating the marriage, she is either divorced by her new husband or he dies, and she completes her ‘Iddah, only then will she be permitted to remarry her former husband.

And Allah knows best

(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi

26 Jumāda ’l-Ūlā 1444 / 20 December 2022

Concurred by:

Mufti Faisal al-Mahmudi

Mufti Zameelur Rahman

إذا كان الطلاق بائنا دون الثلاث فله أن يتزوجها في العدة وبعد انقضائها وإن كان الطلاق ثلاثا في الحرة وثنتين في الأمة لم تحل له حتى تنكح زوجا غيره نكاحا صحيحا ويدخل بها ثم يطلقها أو يموت عنها كذا في الهداية ولا فرق في ذلك بين كون المطلقة مدخولا بها أو غير مدخول بها كذا في فتح القدير ويشترط أن يكون الإيلاج موجبا للغسل وهو التقاء الختانين هكذا في العيني شرح الكنز أما الإنزال فليس بشرط للإحلال. (الفتاوى الهندية. ج ١، ص ٤٧٣)

 كرر لفظ الطلاق وقع الكل. (الدر المختار وحاشية بن عابدين. ج ٣، ص ٢٩٣)

إذا طلق ثلاثا في طهر واحد كان طلاقه واقعا…وإن جمع الثلاث معصية (شرح مختصر الطحاوي، ج٥ ص١٩)

أما وقوع الثلاث معا على المدخول بها فهو إجماع السلف من الصدر الأول ومن بعدهم من التابعين وفقهاء الأمصار، ولم يجعل أصحابنا قول من نفى وقوع الثلاث معا خلافا لأنهم قالوا فيمن طلق امرأته ثلاثا معا ثم وطئها في العدة أن عليه الحد ولم يجعلوا قول من نفى وقوعه بشبهة في سقوط الحد عنه. (شرح مختصر الطحاوي، ج ٥ ص٦١)

(إمداد الأحكام، ج٢ ص٥٦٠-٥٦٥)

س۔۔۔ ايک خاوند کے منہ سے غصے کی حالت ميں بلا قصد اپنی بيوی کے لۓ طلاق کے الفاظ نکل جائيں تو کيا وہ طلاق ہوجاۓگی؟

ج۔۔۔ “بلا قصد” کا کيا مطلب؟ کيا وہ کوئی اور لفظ کہنا چاہتا تھا کہ سہوا اس کے منہ سے طلاق کا لفظ نکل گيا؟ يا کہ وہ غصے ميں آکر آپے سے باہر ہو کر طلاق دے بيٹھا؟ پہلی صورت ميں اگرچہ ديانۃ طلاق نہيں ہوئی مگر يہ شوہر کا محض دعوی ہے۔ اس لۓ قضاء طلاق کا حکم کيا جاۓ گا، اور دوسری صورت ميں بھی طلاق ہوگئ۔  (آپ کے مسائل اور ان کا حل (5/368) مکتبہ لدھيانوی)

Cricket Tournament Fees


As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh

Mufti Sahab if we play a cricket tournament with a particular team and it is pre-decided before the match commences that the winning team will pay 40% of the cost of the turf booking amount and the losing team will pay 60% of the booking fee. Is it correct/halaal if we do it this way or it would be haraam?

*Note: Here for playing cricket in private turfs one needs to pay a fee a particular amount for the time one plays cricket for eg 12$ per hour.

(Question published as received)


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the most Merciful.

This is not permissible.

And Allah knows best

(Mufti) Bilal al-Mahmudi

06 Rajab 1444 / 02 October 2022